Blog

2 September 2019

Snapshot into the future: what will the EU do next on tax? By Johan Barros

In our last tax blog, we spoke on what the last mandate did on tax. Now we look into the future over the next five years. What can we expect from the new mandate?

EUROPEAN COMMISSION’S FUTURE-ORIENTED AGENDA

At Accountancy Europe, we have been monitoring the election debates and Commission documents and can make some educated guesses as to the next Commission’s plans on tax.

First, the Commission will try to improve Single Market functioning and aim to balance EU Member States’ tax sovereignty and tax competition. Specific measures in this area might include: continuing to push for a harmonised and consolidated European tax base (so-called CCCTB); and improving tax certainty through promoting cooperative compliance.

Secondly, the Commission will pursue a tax system that supports the transition to a more sustainable economy. This could include: a European approach to aviation taxes; coordination on carbon taxation; a shift of the tax burden onto resource use; and a possible tax framework for green bonds.

Third, the Commission will also seek to adapt the tax system into an increasingly digitalised economy. This would include contributing the ongoing OECD negotiations on digital and minimum taxation and introducing an OECD agreement into EU law. Moreover, the Commission will want to address tax challenges stemming from an ageing workforce, automation and the gig economy.

On top of the above, efforts to fight tax avoidance and increase tax transparency will continue. The Commission can be expected, for example: to push for public country by country reporting (CBCR); and to continue the EU list of non-cooperative tax jurisdictions; and progress the range of VAT measures still on the table.

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT WILL CONTINUE TO DRIVE POLITICAL TAX AGENDA

Although the European Parliament has no formal power on tax matters, the departing MEPs were very active in pushing the Parliament’s tax agenda. We should expect nothing less from the new MEPs.

The Greens have increased in numbers, placing them into a decisive role on many issues; their ambitious tax priorities will also gain prominence, supported at least by the social-democrats. Many MEPs across political Groups could be expected to want a permanent tax Committee to replace all the temporary and ad hoc Committees convened to tackle specific tax-related issues until now. Although right now the decision on whether or not to set up the Committee has been pushed to autumn.

MEPs are also likely to continue advance the tax agenda in non-tax files. For example, it is conceivable that they would call for stricter rules on tax advisors as part of audit, services or competition legislation.

MEMBER STATES EDGING BETWEEN STATUS QUO AND TARGETED PROACTIVE MEASURES

The EU Council is where the Member States get to have their say, and this often results in preserving the status quo – for better or worse. The Council’s reluctance to move forward will likely be seen in the areas of digital taxation, qualified majority approval of tax initiatives, VAT and CCCTB.

However, on the more proactive side there is a renewed push by some Member States for a so-called financial transaction tax (FTT). If FTT succeeds, it will give the future Commission an encouragement to proceed with enhanced cooperation on other tax files in the future. Moreover, several Member States are calling for a common EU approach to environmental taxation – including taxes on flying, ‘dirty’ energy imports and carbon at Europe’s borders.

CONCLUSION

Whether it is the European Commission, the European Parliament or the Council, the EU’s tax agenda will be full for the next few years. It will go beyond the current reaction to scandals and anti-avoidance agenda to building a more future-proof European tax system.

 

Accountancy Europe offers a comprehensive newsletter on tax twice a month to help keep you informed. Sign up here to get regular updates on the EU tax debate.

 

Related content

UpdateTax Policy

16 September 2019

PublicationTax Dispute Resolution

13 September 2019

UpdateSME

6 September 2019

UpdateTax Policy

30 August 2019

UpdateTax Policy

19 July 2019

BlogWhat has the EU achieved so far on tax?

19 July 2019

UpdateAudit Policy

12 July 2019

PublicationTaxing the Digital Economy

9 July 2019

UpdateTax Policy

5 July 2019

UpdateSustainable Finance

27 June 2019

UpdateTax Policy

21 June 2019

UpdateSME

20 June 2019

UpdateTechnology

17 June 2019

UpdateAudit Policy

11 June 2019

UpdateTax Policy

7 June 2019

InterviewThe new trend in town? Corporate tax transparency

27 May 2019

UpdateTax Policy

24 May 2019

UpdateTax Policy

13 May 2019

Update SME

6 May 2019

UpdateAudit Policy

3 May 2019

Sign up for our newsletter